Purpose: Cognitive Orientation to daily Occupational Performance (CO-OP) has demonstrated an effect on skill performance, compared with the usual outpatient rehabilitation, in people living with stroke when implemented by occupational therapists. This study explored refining CO-OP for delivery by both occupational therapists and physiotherapists.
Method: Two cases were recruited and treated using the CO-OP approach, which augments task-specific training with cognitive strategies and guided discovery. Case 1 was a 79-year-old woman, 31 days after parietal stroke, and Case 2 was a 45-year-old man, 62 days after bilateral brain stem stroke. Case 1 withdrew from the study for medical reasons. Outcome measures applied were the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure, the Stroke Impact Scale (SIS), the Self-Efficacy Gauge, the Berg Balance Scale, the Box and Block Test, and the 2-minute walk test.
Results: After 10 sessions, Case 2 made gains in most measures, including a 22-point gain in the SIS mobility domain.
Conclusion:The therapists reported that the combined delivery required additional communication with the patients but was feasible. Case 2 reported physical and mobility gains larger than the mean changes seen in past CO-OP research. Although these results cannot be generalized, findings suggest that the inter-professional application of CO-OP warrants further investigation.