Spasticity is a neuromuscular condition usually caused by damage to the portion of the brain or spinal cord that controls voluntary movement. The damage causes a change in the balance of signals between the nervous system and the muscles. It is typically found in people with cerebral palsy, traumatic brain injury, stroke, multiple sclerosis, and spinal cord injury.
Charley horse is an understatement.
Spasticity can be disabling and if left untreated, or sub-optimally managed, it may lead to adverse effects such as:
- Muscle and joint deformitiesv
- Urinary tract infections
- Chronic constipation
- Fever or other systemic illnesses
- Pressure sores
- Overactive reflexes
- Decreased functional abilities and delayed motor development
- Difficulty with care and hygiene
- Abnormal posture
- Bone and joint deformities
Loosening the grip.
Common treatment interventions for spasticity vary from conservative (therapy) to more aggressive (surgery). Typically, a variety of treatment options are used simultaneously to maximize results. Current spasticity treatment options may include the following:
- Oral medications
- Injectable medications
Source: What Is Spasticity | Saebo