This paper reviews the current state of the art in robotic-aided hand physiotherapy for post-stroke rehabilitation, including the use of brain machine interfaces (BMI). The main focus is on the technical speciﬁcations required for these devices to achieve their goals. From the literature reviewed, it is clear that these rehabilitation devices can increase the functionality of the human hand post-stroke. However, there are still several challenges to be overcome before they can be fully deployed. Further clinical trials are needed to ensure that substantial improvement can be made in limb functionality for stroke survivors, particularly as part of a programme of frequent at-home high-intensity training over an extended period.
This review serves the purpose of providing valuable insights into robotics rehabilitation techniques in particular for those that could explore the synergy between BMI and the novel area of soft robotics.
Strokes are a global issue aﬀecting people of all ethnicities, genders and ages ; approximately 20 million people per year worldwide suﬀer a stroke [2, 3]. Five million of those patients remain severely handicapped and dependent on assistance in daily life . Once a stroke has occurred the patient may be left with mild to severe disabilities, depending on the type and severity of the stroke. This paper will focus on the primary issues experienced which are the clawing of the hand and stiﬀening of the wrist. In recent years, several new forms of rehabilitation have been proposed using robot-aided therapy. This work reviews the current state-ofthe-art robotic devices and brain-machine interfaces (BMI) for post-stroke hand rehabilitation, analysing current challenges, highlighting the future potential and addressing any inherent ethical issues.[…]