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 [BOOK] Computational Models of Brain and Behavior – Chapter 11: Multiscale Computer Modeling of Epilepsy – Google Books

Read Chapter 11: Multiscale Computer Modeling of Epilepsy

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Computational Models of Brain and Behavior

 

John Wiley & Sons, 29 Νοε 2017584 σελίδες

A comprehensive Introduction to the world of brain and behavior computational models

This book provides a broad collection of articles covering different aspects of computational modeling efforts in psychology and neuroscience. Specifically, it discusses models that span different brain regions (hippocampus, amygdala, basal ganglia, visual cortex), different species (humans, rats, fruit flies), and different modeling methods (neural network, Bayesian, reinforcement learning, data fitting, and Hodgkin-Huxley models, among others).

Computational Models of Brain and Behavior is divided into four sections: (a) Models of brain disorders; (b) Neural models of behavioral processes; (c) Models of neural processes, brain regions and neurotransmitters, and (d) Neural modeling approaches. It provides in-depth coverage of models of psychiatric disorders, including depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), schizophrenia, and dyslexia; models of neurological disorders, including Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, and epilepsy; early sensory and perceptual processes; models of olfaction; higher/systems level models and low-level models; Pavlovian and instrumental conditioning; linking information theory to neurobiology; and more.

  • Covers computational approximations to intellectual disability in down syndrome
  • Discusses computational models of pharmacological and immunological treatment in Alzheimer’s disease
  • Examines neural circuit models of serotonergic system (from microcircuits to cognition)
  • Educates on information theory, memory, prediction, and timing in associative learning

Computational Models of Brain and Behavior is written for advanced undergraduate, Master’s and PhD-level students—as well as researchers involved in computational neuroscience modeling research.

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[ΒΟΟΚ] Trends in Neuroergonomics: A Comprehensive Overview – Google Books

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Klaus Gramann, Stephen H. Fairclough, Thorsten O. Zander, Hasan Ayaz

 This Research Topic is dedicated to Raja Parasuraman who unexpectedly passed on March 22nd 2015. Raja Parasuraman’s pioneering work led the emergence of Neuroergonomics as a new scientific field. He combined his research interests in the field of Neuroergonomics which he defined as the study of the human brain in relation to performance at work and everyday settings. Raja Parasuraman was a pioneer, a truly exceptional researcher and an extraordinary person. He made significant contributions to a number of disciplines, from human factors to cognitive neuroscience. His advice to young researchers was to be passionate in order to develop theory and knowledge that can guide the design of technologies and environments for people. His legacy, the field of Neuroergonomics, will live on in countless faculties and students whom he advised and inspired with unmatched humility throughout the whole of his distinguished career. Raja Parasuraman was an impressive human being, a very kind person, and an absolutely inspiring individual who will be remembered by everyone who had the chance to meet him.

About this Research Topic Since the advent of neuroergonomics, significant progress has been made with respect to methodology and tools for the investigation of the brain and behavior at work. This is especially the case for neuroscientific methods where the availability of ambulatory hardware, wearable sensors and advanced data analyses allow for imaging of brain dynamics in humans in applied environments. Methods such as: electroencephalography (EEG), functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS), and stimulation approaches like transcranial direct-currrent stimulation (tDCS) have made significant progress in both recording and altering brain activity while allowing full body movements outside laboratory environments.

For neuroergonomics, the application of brain imaging in real-world scenarios is highly relevant. Traditionally, brain imaging experiments in human factors research tend to avoid active behavior for fear of artifacts and a contaminated data set that would provide limited insight into brain dynamics in real working environments. To overcome these problems new analyses approaches have to be developed that identify artifacts resulting from hostile recording environments and movement-related non-brain activity stemming from eye-, head, and full-body movements. The application of methodology from the field of Brain-Computer Interfacing (BCI) for neuroergonomics is one approach that has significant potential to enhance ambulatory monitoring and applied testing. Passive BCIs allow for assessing aspects of the user state online, such that systems can automatically adapt to their user. This neuroadaptive technology could lead to highly efficient working environments, to auto-adaptive experimental paradigms and to a continuous tracking of cognitive and affective aspects of the user state. Hence, deployment of portable neuroimaging technologies to real time settings could help assess cognitive and motivational states of personnel assigned to perform critical tasks.

This Research Topic gathers submissions that cover new approaches in neuroergonomics. Different article type cover advanced neuroscience methods and neuroergonomics techniques as well as analysis approaches to investigate brain dynamics in working environments. The selection of papers provides insights into new neuroergonomic research approaches that demonstrate significant advances in brain imaging technologies that become more and more mobile, Moreover, a strong trend for new analyses approaches and paradigms investigating real work settings can be seen. Together, this unique collection of latest research papers provides a comprehensive overview on the latest developments in neuroergonomics.

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[BOOK] Living with Chronic Illness and Disability – EBook: Principles for Nursing Practice – Google Books

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Elsevier Health Sciences, 28 Ιουν 2017584 σελίδες

With a complex range of chronic illnesses identified as national health priorities in Australia and New Zealand, nurses and health professionals are increasingly caring for people with chronic disease and disability across a variety of care settings. Acquiring the relevant knowledge and skills to work with people who have a chronic illness and/or disability is vital to providing quality, competent care.

Living with Chronic Illness and Disability: principles for nursing practice, 3rd edition has been fully revised to reflect the most current local and international research, focusing on a range of common chronic illnesses and disabilities, including: stroke, cancer, heart disease, mental illness, dementia, diabetes, asthma and obesity.

The third edition provides a holistic framework and models of care that are essential for caring for individuals and families living the lifealtering journey of chronic illness and disability.

  • A reinforced focus on person- and family-centred care
  • Chapter 2 Partnerships in collaborative care includes new sections on the role of the pharmacist, paramedic and exercise physiologist
  • Principles for nursing practice are embedded throughout Section 2
  • Evolve Resources for students and instructors provide additional multimedia resources and reflective questions to assist learning and promote self-inquiry

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[BOOK] Essentials of Hospital Neurology – Google Books

ΕξώφυλλοKarl E. Misulis, E. Lee Murray
Oxford University Press, 2017 – 424 σελίδες
Essentials of Hospital Neurology is a concise and practical guide to the diagnosis and management of neurologic disorders commonly encountered in hospital practice. This book discusses the business of hospital neurology, problem-oriented approaches to diagnosis, clinical details of important neurologic disorders that may be seen in the ER and inpatient settings, and key diagnostic and management strategies. This text focuses on practical management, making this an excellent source for the neurologist at any level from the resident to fellow to practicing physician. Medicine hospitalists and hospital-based mid-level providers will find this a useful resource for guiding care of their patients with neurologic conditions.

Key Features of Essentials of Hospital Neurology

  • – Incorporates up-to-date guidelines and best practices for neurologic hospital care;
  • – Extensive use of bulleted lists, tables, and flowcharts;
  • – Noted academic coauthors of selected sections for subspecialty expertise;
  • – Provides key references and recommended readings; and
  • – Includes critical reference material such as assessment scales, neurologic diagnostic tests, and guides to management of social and ethical issues.

Source: Essentials of Hospital Neurology – Google Books

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[BOOK] New Trends in Medical and Service Robots: Design, Analysis and Control – Google Books

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New Trends in Medical and Service Robots: Design, Analysis and Control

Manfred Husty, Michael Hofbaur

Springer, 7 Σεπ 2017330 σελίδες

These are selected papers presented at the 5th International Workshop on Medical and Service Robots (MESROB 2016).

The main topics of the workshop included: Exoskeleton and prostheses; Therapeutic robots and rehabilitation; Cognitive robots; Humanoid & Service robots; Assistive robots and elderly assistance; Surgical robots; Human-robot interfaces; Kinematic and mechatronic design for medical and assistive robotics; and Legal issues in medical robotics.

The workshop brought together researchers and practitioners to discuss new and emerging topics of Medical and Service Robotics. The meeting took place at castle St. Martin in Graz, Austria, from 4-6 July, 2016.

Source: New Trends in Medical and Service Robots: Design, Analysis and Control – Google Books

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[ΒΟΟΚ] Navigated Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in Neurosurgery – Βιβλία Google

Εξώφυλλο
Sandro Krieg
Springer, 13 Ιουλ 2017295 σελίδες
This book is the first comprehensive work summarizing the advances that have been made in the neurosurgical use of navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (nTMS) over the past ten years. Having increasingly gained acceptance as a presurgical mapping modality in neurosurgery, today it is widely used for preoperative mapping of cortical motor and language function, risk stratification and improving the accuracy of subcortical fiber bundle visualization. 

This unique work will provide neurosurgeons and neuroscientists who are starting their nTMS program essential and detailed information on the technique and protocols, as well as the current clinical evidence on and limitations of the various applications of nTMS. At the same time, more experienced nTMS users looking for deeper insights into nTMS mapping and treatment in neurosurgery will find clearly structured, accessible information. The book was prepared by an international mix of authors, each of which was chosen for their status as a respected expert on the respective subtopic, as evinced by their landmark publications on nTMS.

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Source: Navigated Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in Neurosurgery – Βιβλία Google

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[BOOK] The Integrated Nervous System: A Systematic Diagnostic Case-Based Approach – Google Books

Front CoverThis innovative textbook is modelled on problem-based learning. It bridges the gap between academic neuroanatomy and clinical neurology and effectively takes the reader from the classroom to the clinic, so that learning can be applied in practice.

This second edition has been updated and expanded to include many more clinical cases within both the book and the accompanying Wweb site. Significant additions include

  • abbreviated presentation of the history and neurologic examination of all the cases on the web site (now numbering over 50) within the text at the end of each of the clinical chapters.
  • new ‘maps’ — visual representations of the clinical motor, sensory and reflex findings.
  • the web site further expands the cases – presenting them in detail, and providing an ‘expert’ commentary to discuss the reasoning for the localization and etiological diagnosis.

This book and the associated Web site will be of practical value to all the professionals who deal with people who have neurological conditions, as well as being invaluable to medical students and residents. This includes physiatrists (rehabilitation medicine specialists), physiotherapists, occupational therapists and speech therapists, and nurses who specialize in the care of neurological patients. We think that this text will also be of value for family physicians and specialists in internal medicine and pediatrics, all of whom must differentiate between organic pathology of the nervous system and other conditions.

Source: The Integrated Nervous System: A Systematic Diagnostic Case-Based Approach … – Walter J. Hendelman, Peter Humphreys, Christopher R. Skinner – Google Books

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[BOOK] Neuropsychological Rehabilitation: The International Handbook – Google Books

ΕξώφυλλοThis outstanding new handbook offers unique coverage of all aspects of neuropsychological rehabilitation. Compiled by the world’s leading clinician-researchers, and written by an exceptional team of international contributors, the book is vast in scope, including chapters on the many and varied components of neuropsychological rehabilitation across the life span within one volume. Divided into sections, the first part looks at general issues in neuropsychological rehabilitation including theories and models, assessment and goal setting. The book goes on to examine the different populations referred for neuropsychological rehabilitation and then focuses on the rehabilitation of first cognitive and then psychosocial disorders. New and emerging approaches such as brain training and social robotics are also considered, alongside an extensive section on rehabilitation around the world, particularly in under-resourced settings. The final section offers some general conclusions and an evaluation of the key issues in this important field. This is a landmark publication for neuropsychological rehabilitation. It is the standalone reference text for the field as well as essential reading for all researchers, students and practitioners in clinical neuropsychology, clinical psychology, occupational therapy, and speech and language therapy. It will also be of great value to those in related professions such as neurologists, rehabilitation physicians, rehabilitation psychologists and medics.

Source: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation: The International Handbook – Βιβλία Google

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[BOOK] “Occupational Therapy – Occupation Focused Holistic Practice in Rehabilitation” – Chapter 9: Virtual Reality and Occupational Therapy

Abstract

Virtual reality is three dimensional, interactive and fun way in rehabilitation. Its first known use in rehabilitation published by Max North named as “Virtual Environments and Psychological Disorders” (1994). Virtual reality uses special programmed computers, visual devices and artificial environments for the clients’ rehabilitation. Throughout technological improvements, virtual reality devices changed from therapeutic gloves to augmented reality environments. Virtual reality was being used in different rehabilitation professions such as occupational therapy, physical therapy, psychology and so on. In spite of common virtual reality approach of different professions, each profession aims different outcomes in rehabilitation. Virtual reality in occupational therapy generally focuses on hand and upper extremity functioning, cognitive rehabilitation, mental disorders, etc. Positive effects of virtual reality were mentioned in different studies, which are higher motivation than non‐simulated environments, active participation of the participants, supporting motor learning, fun environment and risk‐free environment. Additionally, virtual reality was told to be used as assessment. This chapter will focus on usage of virtual reality in occupational therapy, history and recent developments, types of virtual reality technologic equipment, pros and cons, usage for pediatric, adult and geriatric people and recent research and articles.

1. Introduction

Enhancement of functional ability and the realization of greater participation in community life are the two major goals of rehabilitation science. Improving sensory, motor, cognitive functions and practice in everyday activities and occupations to increase participation with intensive rehabilitation may define these predefined goals [1, 2]. Intervention is based primarily on the different types of purposeful activities and occupations with active participation [35]. For many injuries and disabilities, the rehabilitation process is long, and clinicians face the challenge of identifying a variety of appealing, meaningful and motivating intervention tasks that may be adapted and graded to facilitate this process [5].

Occupational therapy (OT), which is one of the rehabilitation professions, is a client‐centered profession that helps people who are suffering participation and occupational performance limitations. OT offers a wide range of rehabilitation strategies in different medical and social diagnosis [2]. The common point of all these strategies in rehabilitation is that OT assesses and supports enhancing functional ability and participation throughout participating in meaningful activities in a person’s lifespan. To enhance participation, OT, like the rest of the health professions, uses World Health Organization’s International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) to understand function in a biopsychosocial manner. In ICF framework, function is defined as the interactions between an individual, their health conditions and the social and personal situations in which they thrive. The complex interactions between these variables define function and disability [1].

ICF classifies health and health‐related fields in two groups. These groups are “body functions” and “body structures” and “activity and participation.” Sub heading of these groups is considered as body function and structures (physical, physiological etc), activities (daily tasks) and participation (life roles) [1]. When these groups taken into account in rehabilitation, occupational therapists focus on all areas to enhance a client’s activity participation, social participation, etc. However, in current literature, there are various rehabilitation approaches that are being used for this aim. Advancements in technology in the twenty‐first century create great opportunities for people working in different areas. In particular, in health practices like rehabilitation, technology supports therapists’ to rehabilitate their clients in too many different ways like robotics, stimulation devices, assessment tools and virtual reality [610].

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[BOOK] Living Beyond Brain Injury: A Resource Manual – Vicky Hall – Google Books

Front CoverA brain injury can have a dramatic effect on all areas of a person’s life. This manual is designed to provide an understanding of some of the effects of a brain injury and how to manage them. It focuses on how brain injury may affect thinking skills (e.g. memory), emotions and other related areas (e.g. sleep, work and driving). This manual provides techniques based on psychological approaches, which have been shown to be effective with people who have experienced a brain injury. As well as being an important resource for mental health professionals, it will also be useful for families who wish to help a person with a brain injury. It has two clear functions: a resource manual for clinicians and carers / families to work through with brain injury survivors; and a self-help resource for clients with a brain injury.

Source: Living Beyond Brain Injury: A Resource Manual – Vicky Hall – Google Books

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