Posts Tagged Arm Swing
[ARTILE] Changes in gait kinematics and muscle activity in stroke patients wearing various arm slings – Full Text
[Abstract] The effect of upper limb casting on gait pattern. – International Journal of Rehabilitation Research
The effect of upper limb casting on gait pattern.
Casting of the arm may interfere with normal walking patterns because of additional load of the cast or prevention of arm swing.
This study aimed to determine the effect of applying various casts on temporospatial walking parameters, including gait velocity and cadence, step length, and single limb support.
A computerized gait system was used to assess these variables for 23 healthy individuals in four walking modes: normal walking, with a cast above the elbow and a sling, and with a cast below the elbow, with and without a sling. Thirteen participants had their dominant hand casted and 10 had their nondominant hand casted.
On average, casted participants took significantly smaller steps with the leg on the casted side and spent less time supported on the casted side. The least changes were noted with the arm in a cast below the elbow and no sling, and the greatest changes were noted with the arm in a cast above the elbow and in a sling. This difference was heightened when the dominant hand was casted and lessened when the nondominant hand was casted. No differences were found in walking velocity or cadence between the walking modes.
Casting of the upper limb has significant effects on gait, which should be taken into consideration, especially in individuals with previous gait abnormalities.
Abstract: The aim of this study is investigate the effect of arm swing exercise on balance and gait in stroke patients.
Group A (n=8): 0.5kg strap was applied during arm swing exercise in experimental group for 30 minutes a day, 3 times a week for 4 weeks. Group B (n=8): Subjects in control group performed neurodevelopmental treatment for 30 minutes a day, 3 times a week for 4 weeks. Subjects were measured for balance and gait on Berg Balance scale, 10meter walking test and Six-minute walk test.
There were significant changed of 10Meter Walking Test and 6-Minute Walk Test after experimental group performed the reinforced arm swing exercise of upper extremities and control group was provided with neurodevelopment treatment(p <0.05).
However, there was no statistically significant found difference change of Berg Balance Scale in experimental group (p >0.05). The application reinforced arm swing exercise can be said to be effective intervention for the gait training in hemiplegic stroke patient.