Posts Tagged bone volume
Background and Purpose
Muscle and bone form a functional unit. Residual physical poststroke impairments such as muscle weakness, spasticity, and decrease in function can promote metabolic bone changes. Moreover, muscle strength can influence this process. Thus, the purpose of the present study was to investigate bone volume and mobility performance in subjects with chronic hemiparesis post stroke.
A cross-sectional study was performed on 14 subjects post stroke who were paired with healthy controls. Bone volume, isometric muscle performance, and mobility levels were measured. Midfemoral bone volumes were determined using magnetic resonance imaging, and muscular performance was measured by dynamometry. Mobility was measured using the Timed Up and Go Test and the 10-Meter Walk Test.
Regarding bone volume total, there was no difference in the medullary and cortical groups (P ≥ .05). During torque peak isometric flexion, the paretic group was significantly different compared with the other groups (P = .001). However, the control presented no difference compared with the nonparetic limb (P = .40). With regard to the extension isometric torque peak, the paretic limb was significantly different compared with the nonparetic (P = .033) and the control (P = .001) limbs, and the control was different from the nonparetic limb (P = .045). Bone volume variables correlated with the isometric torque peak.
Chronic hemiparetic subjects maintain bone geometry compared with healthy volunteers matched by age, body mass index, and gender. The correlation between bone volume midfemoral structures and knee isometric torque was possible.