Posts Tagged disabled people

[TED Talk] 5 Thought-Provoking TED Talks By Disabled People – The Life Quadriplegic

TED talks are always fascinating and great at helping you to see things from a new perspective. There are hundreds of thought-provoking talks online given by people from all over the world. Here are a number of great TED talks given by disabled people which I find particularly thought-provoking.

1.     Deep sea diving… in a wheelchair

Sue Austin creates at which helps to express the sense of joy and freedom she feels when using her powerchair. She created an underwater wheelchair which allows her to glide effortlessly past coral reefs and schools of fish. I would love to try something like that!

2.     I’m not your inspiration, thank you very much

Comedienne and journalist Stella Young talks about how society often sees disabled people as “inspiring” just for getting out of bed in the morning. Inspiration porn objectifies disabled people and makes it seem like our only purpose is to inspire able-bodied people. Stella explains why this is wrong in this funny talk.

3.     When we design for disability, we all benefit

Elise Roy is a former disability rights lawyer and is now a design thinker. In this talk she discusses how people with disabilities see the world from a different perspective, and this perspective allows them to solve problems in ways that other people wouldn’t have thought of. She says: “When we design for disability first, you often stumble upon solutions that are better than those when we design for the norm.”

4.     Our fight for disability rights – and why we’re not done yet

Judith Heumann talks about her personal role in the fight for disability rights in America. She highlights how far disabled access has come in the last 50 years, but also how far we have still yet to go.

5.     We Are All Designers

John Hockenberry, a journalist, talks about how living a life of intent can help us to make our lives our own. We can take what we are given in life, such as our disabilities, and put our own spin on it such that our lives are not defined by our disabilities. We can create a new story to cover up the old one. Something better.

 

Watch the Talks —->  5 Thought-Provoking TED Talks By Disabled People – The Life Quadriplegic

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[Mini Review] No distance between disabled people and rehabilitation engineer in high-tech era – Full Text PDF

Abstract
Traditional face to face diagnosis and treatment model has existed for thousands of years between doctors and patients. But now high technologies have brought people great convenience in many fields. When the disabled people concerned, many technologies such as internet, remote sensing, signal processing, Virtual Reality and so on, are already playing an important role in rehabilitation engineering. This paper introduces these emergency new technologies associated with the disabled people and engineers in recent years, which can eliminate the psychological and space distance between disabled people and rehabilitation engineer in high-tech era.

Introduction
The rehabilitation strategies are needed to optimize function and
reduce disability of disabled people. Many public plans are developed
in some countries [1]. And now lots of specialized institutions for the
rehabilitation of disabled people have been established [2]. The disabled
people is widely distributed [3], so many scholars are committed to
provide a rehabilitation approach to them [4]. Remote rehabilitation
is a combination of rehabilitation medicine, computer technology,
internet technology, sensor technology, information processing
technology, etc., it is a new rehabilitation resources with a new concept
of rehabilitation, which can provide space for the further development
of rehabilitation engineering technology [5]. Based on the realization
of cross-regional rehabilitation services, remote rehabilitation is
the integrated use of communication technology, remote sensing
technology, remote control technology. Remote rehabilitation allows
people to achieve rehabilitation cross the geographical area via the
information exchange. The value of remote rehabilitation is also
reflected in the fact that it can optimize the configuration of manpower
and materials. In fact, for individuals with disabilities, rehabilitation
affected by many factors such as their family, their mood, social
environment [6], especially today’s high technologies.
Rehabilitation engineers can hear the voice of distant people through
the microphone and touch the distant people via embedded artificial
sensors into skin to get the signal such as the surface temperature,
moisture distribution of disabled people [7]. Rehabilitation engineers
can also operate medical and rehabilitation equipment by the remote
control system [8]. With the aid of a remote rehabilitation system,
information interaction between rehabilitation engineers and disabled
people can be more flexible, efficient and convenient [9]. In addition,
other technologies, such as wearable technology [10], gait analysis
technology [11], synchronous audio-visual technology [12] and so
on have been already implicated in the field of remote rehabilitation
engineering. In the following paper, several important high technologies
for remote rehabilitation will be systematically analyzed via contacting
the traditional rehabilitation engineering. […]

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[Abstract] New Trends in the Use of Robotic Devices in Motor Rehabilitation of Upper Limbs – Springer

Challenges in Automation, Robotics and Measurement TechniquesAbstract

In the years to come, robotic systems assisting physical rehabilitation will be used mainly by elderly, disabled, as well as children and adults after accidents and disorders limiting their physical capabilities. As the population is getting older, the issue becomes more and more critical.

A growing number of people requiring rehabilitation generates significant costs, of which personal expenses are a major component. Providing the human personnel with appropriate mechatronic devices or replacing at least some rehabilitation medicine specialists with robots could reduce physical and mental workload of physicians. Broader application of such devices will also require among others new solutions in mechanic, control and human-robot communication.

This paper presents overall vision of the development of rehabilitation robots, with consideration of the observed trends in this area, as well as expected achievements in electronics, material’s engineering, ICT and other related fields of science and technology.

Source: New Trends in the Use of Robotic Devices in Motor Rehabilitation of Upper Limbs – Springer

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[ARTICLE] Social Integration of Disabled People in Russia Using Virtual Computer Technologies – Full Text PDF

Abstract

The article is devoted to the topical problem of persons with disabilities integration into society. Intensions and realities of social policy for disabled people in Russia are introduced. social and psychological barriers, obstructive to this process are described. The results of the survey in a sample of 268 disabled individuals are presented. It is concluded that the low level of community literacy, the lack of communication skills, social stereotypes concerning disabled people and “rental income attitude” of persons with disabilities are the most severe social and psychological barriers. Virtual computer technologies are offered as one of the modern tools, aimed at overcoming the barriers. Global and domestic experience of using virtual technologies for rehabilitation of disabled people are discussed. Technology of improving the life quality of persons with disabilities by means of virtualistics is proposed.

1. Introduction

In most countries there are articles in constitutions and other legislative documents on granting equal civil rights to all citizens, often the principle of social justice is also proclaimed. However, in any country of the world, there are categories of citizens, that require special conditions for life activity that, in practice, are not always provided. This is especially true for people with disabilities. In modern Russia, stereotype of perception of disability is partly preserved mainly as a restriction of human capabilities for health reasons, by virtue of which such persons are separated from the rest of society. In accordance with applicable law, disability in the Russian Federation is understood as a violation of human health with a persistent disorder of body functions, leading to a total or substantial loss of employability and to other significant difficulties in life.

Differences in the content, embedded in concepts of “disablement”, “disability” in the English language, and “disability” in the Russian language characterize the difference in the attitude of society towards this category of people. Russian term “disabled person” (“invalid”) looks rather offensive as it focuses on “incomplete capacity” of a person because of his physical problems and partly on his “inequality”. In the west, the state policy of disability is mainly focused not on restricting the employment of such people, but on providing them with specific jobs and most favorable conditions for full inclusion in society.

To date, there has been a positive change in the social policy of the Russian Federation. There is a number of social programs aimed at the integration of citizens with disabilities into society, since the aim of social integration is to create a “society for all”, in which everyone have social subjectivity, rights and obligations, regardless of their health status. (Petrosyan, 2011).

It should be noted that rehabilitation of disabled people is necessary for society not only for moral, but also for economic reasons. According to calculations made by the Office of Rehabilitation Services of USA, for every $ 1000 invested in such activities, $ 35000 is returned to society due to subsequent work of a disabled person. According to forecasts, by 2015 the number of people with disabilities will increase to 21.1 million people in Russia. (Gosbook.ru, 2006). To make full use of their labor potential it is necessary to optimize rehabilitation measures aimed at improving their quality of life

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