Posts Tagged dual-task training

[Abstract + References] Comparison of Dual Task and Task Oriented Training Programme on Gait in Chronic Stroke – Full Text PDF


Stroke is the major cause of disability and handicap in adults and it usually results in some degree of muscle weakness. Daily living requires balance and walking ability while performing tasks. Several factors affect the functional independence in post stroke period in which gait plays a significant role. 30 subjects of age group 45-60 years were selected by purposive sampling and informed consent was taken. The subjects were divided into 2 groups A and B of 15 each. Both the groups received conventional physiotherapy as muscle strengthening of affected lower limb and balance training. Group A received dual task training and Group B received task oriented training for 8 weeks. Pre test and post test data for gait parameters (gait speed, cadence, step length, stride length) were obtained by using 10meter walk test respectively. Unpaired‘t’ test was applied at the p<0.05 for the comparison within and between the groups for the variable Gait Parameters(i.e gait speed, cadence, step length, stride length). The values of gait parameters between the groups were significant which showed that task oriented training is more effective than dual task training to improve gait in chronic stroke.


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via Comparison of Dual Task and Task Oriented Training Programme on Gait in Chronic Stroke :: Science Publishing Group

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[Abstract] Dual-task training effects on motor and cognitive functional abilities in individuals with stroke: a systematic review

This systematic review aimed to examine the effects of dual-task balance and mobility training in people with stroke.

An extensive electronic databases literature search was conducted using MEDLINE, PubMed, EBSCO, The Cochrane Library, Web of Science, SCOPUS, and Wiley Online Library. Randomized controlled studies that assessed the effects of dual-task training in stroke patients were included for the review (last search in December 2017). The methodological quality was evaluated using the Cochrane Collaboration recommendation, and level of evidence was determined according to the criteria described by the Oxford Center for Evidence-Based Medicine.

About 13 articles involving 457 participants were included in this systematic review. All had substantial risk of bias and thus provided level IIb evidence only. Dual-task mobility training was found to induce more improvement in single-task walking function (standardized effect size = 0.14–2.24), when compared with single-task mobility training. Its effect on dual-task walking function was not consistent. Cognitive-motor balance training was effective in improving single-task balance function (standardized effect size = 0.27–1.82), but its effect on dual-task balance ability was not studied. The beneficial effect of dual-task training on cognitive function was provided by one study only and thus inconclusive.

There is some evidence that dual-task training can improve single-task walking and balance function in individuals with stroke. However, any firm recommendation cannot be made due to the weak methodology of the studies reviewed.


via Dual-task training effects on motor and cognitive functional abilities in individuals with stroke: a systematic review – Ying He, Lei Yang, Jing Zhou, Liqing Yao, Marco Yiu Chung Pang, 2018

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