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This Research Topic is dedicated to Raja Parasuraman who unexpectedly passed on March 22nd 2015. Raja Parasuraman’s pioneering work led the emergence of Neuroergonomics as a new scientific field. He combined his research interests in the field of Neuroergonomics which he defined as the study of the human brain in relation to performance at work and everyday settings. Raja Parasuraman was a pioneer, a truly exceptional researcher and an extraordinary person. He made significant contributions to a number of disciplines, from human factors to cognitive neuroscience. His advice to young researchers was to be passionate in order to develop theory and knowledge that can guide the design of technologies and environments for people. His legacy, the field of Neuroergonomics, will live on in countless faculties and students whom he advised and inspired with unmatched humility throughout the whole of his distinguished career. Raja Parasuraman was an impressive human being, a very kind person, and an absolutely inspiring individual who will be remembered by everyone who had the chance to meet him.
About this Research Topic Since the advent of neuroergonomics, significant progress has been made with respect to methodology and tools for the investigation of the brain and behavior at work. This is especially the case for neuroscientific methods where the availability of ambulatory hardware, wearable sensors and advanced data analyses allow for imaging of brain dynamics in humans in applied environments. Methods such as: electroencephalography (EEG), functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS), and stimulation approaches like transcranial direct-currrent stimulation (tDCS) have made significant progress in both recording and altering brain activity while allowing full body movements outside laboratory environments.
For neuroergonomics, the application of brain imaging in real-world scenarios is highly relevant. Traditionally, brain imaging experiments in human factors research tend to avoid active behavior for fear of artifacts and a contaminated data set that would provide limited insight into brain dynamics in real working environments. To overcome these problems new analyses approaches have to be developed that identify artifacts resulting from hostile recording environments and movement-related non-brain activity stemming from eye-, head, and full-body movements. The application of methodology from the field of Brain-Computer Interfacing (BCI) for neuroergonomics is one approach that has significant potential to enhance ambulatory monitoring and applied testing. Passive BCIs allow for assessing aspects of the user state online, such that systems can automatically adapt to their user. This neuroadaptive technology could lead to highly efficient working environments, to auto-adaptive experimental paradigms and to a continuous tracking of cognitive and affective aspects of the user state. Hence, deployment of portable neuroimaging technologies to real time settings could help assess cognitive and motivational states of personnel assigned to perform critical tasks.
This Research Topic gathers submissions that cover new approaches in neuroergonomics. Different article type cover advanced neuroscience methods and neuroergonomics techniques as well as analysis approaches to investigate brain dynamics in working environments. The selection of papers provides insights into new neuroergonomic research approaches that demonstrate significant advances in brain imaging technologies that become more and more mobile, Moreover, a strong trend for new analyses approaches and paradigms investigating real work settings can be seen. Together, this unique collection of latest research papers provides a comprehensive overview on the latest developments in neuroergonomics.
[BOOK] Living with Chronic Illness and Disability – EBook: Principles for Nursing Practice – Google Books
Elsevier Health Sciences, 28 Ιουν 2017 – 584 σελίδες
With a complex range of chronic illnesses identified as national health priorities in Australia and New Zealand, nurses and health professionals are increasingly caring for people with chronic disease and disability across a variety of care settings. Acquiring the relevant knowledge and skills to work with people who have a chronic illness and/or disability is vital to providing quality, competent care.
Living with Chronic Illness and Disability: principles for nursing practice, 3rd edition has been fully revised to reflect the most current local and international research, focusing on a range of common chronic illnesses and disabilities, including: stroke, cancer, heart disease, mental illness, dementia, diabetes, asthma and obesity.
The third edition provides a holistic framework and models of care that are essential for caring for individuals and families living the lifealtering journey of chronic illness and disability.
Key Features of Essentials of Hospital Neurology
- – Incorporates up-to-date guidelines and best practices for neurologic hospital care;
- – Extensive use of bulleted lists, tables, and flowcharts;
- – Noted academic coauthors of selected sections for subspecialty expertise;
- – Provides key references and recommended readings; and
- – Includes critical reference material such as assessment scales, neurologic diagnostic tests, and guides to management of social and ethical issues.
New Trends in Medical and Service Robots: Design, Analysis and Control
Manfred Husty, Michael Hofbaur
These are selected papers presented at the 5th International Workshop on Medical and Service Robots (MESROB 2016).
The main topics of the workshop included: Exoskeleton and prostheses; Therapeutic robots and rehabilitation; Cognitive robots; Humanoid & Service robots; Assistive robots and elderly assistance; Surgical robots; Human-robot interfaces; Kinematic and mechatronic design for medical and assistive robotics; and Legal issues in medical robotics.
The workshop brought together researchers and practitioners to discuss new and emerging topics of Medical and Service Robotics. The meeting took place at castle St. Martin in Graz, Austria, from 4-6 July, 2016.
Springer, 13 Ιουλ 2017 – 295 σελίδες
This book is the first comprehensive work summarizing the advances that have been made in the neurosurgical use of navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (nTMS) over the past ten years. Having increasingly gained acceptance as a presurgical mapping modality in neurosurgery, today it is widely used for preoperative mapping of cortical motor and language function, risk stratification and improving the accuracy of subcortical fiber bundle visualization.
This unique work will provide neurosurgeons and neuroscientists who are starting their nTMS program essential and detailed information on the technique and protocols, as well as the current clinical evidence on and limitations of the various applications of nTMS. At the same time, more experienced nTMS users looking for deeper insights into nTMS mapping and treatment in neurosurgery will find clearly structured, accessible information. The book was prepared by an international mix of authors, each of which was chosen for their status as a respected expert on the respective subtopic, as evinced by their landmark publications on nTMS.
This second edition has been updated and expanded to include many more clinical cases within both the book and the accompanying Wweb site. Significant additions include
- abbreviated presentation of the history and neurologic examination of all the cases on the web site (now numbering over 50) within the text at the end of each of the clinical chapters.
- new ‘maps’ — visual representations of the clinical motor, sensory and reflex findings.
- the web site further expands the cases – presenting them in detail, and providing an ‘expert’ commentary to discuss the reasoning for the localization and etiological diagnosis.
This book and the associated Web site will be of practical value to all the professionals who deal with people who have neurological conditions, as well as being invaluable to medical students and residents. This includes physiatrists (rehabilitation medicine specialists), physiotherapists, occupational therapists and speech therapists, and nurses who specialize in the care of neurological patients. We think that this text will also be of value for family physicians and specialists in internal medicine and pediatrics, all of whom must differentiate between organic pathology of the nervous system and other conditions.
A brain injury can have a dramatic effect on all areas of a person’s life. This manual is designed to provide an understanding of some of the effects of a brain injury and how to manage them. It focuses on how brain injury may affect thinking skills (e.g. memory), emotions and other related areas (e.g. sleep, work and driving). This manual provides techniques based on psychological approaches, which have been shown to be effective with people who have experienced a brain injury. As well as being an important resource for mental health professionals, it will also be useful for families who wish to help a person with a brain injury. It has two clear functions: a resource manual for clinicians and carers / families to work through with brain injury survivors; and a self-help resource for clients with a brain injury.
As technology becomes an ever more prevalent part of everyday life and population-based physical activity programmes seek new ways to increase lifelong engagement with physical activity, so the two have become increasingly linked. This book offers a thorough, critical examination of emerging technologies in physical activity and health, considering technological interventions within the dominant theoretical frameworks, exploring the challenges of integrating technology into physical activity promotion and offering solutions for its implementation.
Technology in Physical Activity and Health Promotion occupies a broadly positive stance toward interactive technology initiatives and, while discussing some negative implications of an increased use of technology, offers practical recommendations for promoting physical activity through a range of media, including:
- social media
- mobile apps
- global positioning and geographic information systems
- active videogames (exergaming)
- virtual reality settings.
Offering a logical and clear critique of technology in physical activity and health promotion, this book will serve as an essential reference for upper-level undergraduates, postgraduate students and scholars working in public health, physical activity and health and kinesiology, and healthcare professionals.