Posts Tagged Seizure triggers

[BLOG POST] Common Epilepsy Triggers – Epilepsy Talk

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[WEB SITE] Triggers of Seizures – Epilepsy Foundation

Knowing what triggers your seizures can help you recognize when one may be coming and help you be prepared to lessen the chance that one may occur the next time you face a similar trigger.

Some people may find that seizures occur in a pattern or are more likely to occur in certain situations. Sometimes these connections are just by chance, but other times it’s not. Keeping track of any factors that may precipitate a seizure (also called seizure triggers) can help you recognize when a seizure may be coming. You can then be prepared and learn how to lessen the chance that a seizure may occur at this time.

Some people will notice one or two triggers very easily, for example their seizures may occur only during sleep or when waking up. Other people may notice that some triggers bother them only when a lot is going on at once or it is during a ‘high risk’ time for them (for example when under a lot of stress or when sick).

What are some commonly reported triggers?

What is reflex epilepsy? Is this related to triggers?

Some people may notice that their seizures occur in response to very specific stimuli or situations, as if the seizure is a ‘reflex’. There is a type of epilepsy called ‘reflex epilepsy‘ – in this type, seizures occur consistently in relation to a specific trigger.

  • For example, one type of reflex epilepsy is photosensitive epilepsy where seizures are triggered specifically by flashing lights.
  • Other types of reflex epilepsies may be seizures triggered by the act of reading or by noises.
  • These reflex epilepsies are not common, but knowing if you have this form of epilepsy will help you learn how to manage them!

How can I tell if something is a trigger?

Great question and a common one too! Sometimes people think just because a situation happened once or twice, it’s a trigger to all their seizures. It’s important to realize that a trigger is something that occurs fairly consistently before seizures and more often than by chance. To identify triggers, try a few of these strategies:

  • Whenever you have a seizure, note what time of day it occurs, special situations surrounding it, or how you felt. Note if any of the commonly reported triggers were present.
  • Write these in your seizure diary. Do this consistently, for each seizure.
  • If you notice that a situation or event is happening pretty consistently before seizures, now you need to know if it also happens at other times.
    • For example, you note that you were sleep deprived before 2 out of 3 seizures in the past 3 months. But when you look at your sleep patterns, you didn’t have seizures all the other times you were sleep deprived. And you don’t sleep well most of the time. In this situation, sleep deprivation isn’t good for you, but probably doesn’t trigger seizures all by itself. You still need to work on improving your sleep, but there may be other things going on too.
    • Track a suspected trigger in your diary. Note whenever it happens and not just when you have a seizure. Then you can see how often it happens with seizures as compared to other times.
  • If you have a form of reflex epilepsy, talk to your doctor about the trigger. Knowing the type of epilepsy and trigger can help you build in ways to avoid the triggers whenever possible or find ways to lessen their effect on you.

For more information:

Source: Triggers of Seizures | Epilepsy Foundation

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[WEB SITE] Triggers of Seizures | Epilepsy Foundation

Epilepsy triggersKnowing what triggers your seizures can help you recognize when one may be coming and help you be prepared to lessen the chance that one may occur the next time you face a similar trigger.

Some people may find that seizures occur in a pattern or are more likely to occur in certain situations. Sometimes these connections are just by chance, but other times it’s not. Keeping track of any factors that may precipitate a seizure (also called seizure triggers) can help you recognize when a seizure may be coming. You can then be prepared and learn how to lessen the chance that a seizure may occur at this time.

Some people will notice one or two triggers very easily, for example their seizures may occur only during sleep or when waking up. Other people may notice that some triggers bother them only when a lot is going on at once or it is during a ‘high risk’ time for them (for example when under a lot of stress or when sick).

What are some commonly reported triggers?

  • Specific time of day or night
  • Sleep deprivation – overtired, not sleeping well, not getting enough sleep
  • At times of fevers or other illnesses
  • Flashing bright lights or patterns
  • Alcohol or drug use
  • Stress
  • Associated with menstrual cycle (women) or other hormonal changes
  • Not eating well, low blood sugar
  • Specific foods, excess caffeine or other products that may aggravate seizures
  • Use of certain medications

What is reflex epilepsy? Is this related to triggers?

Some people may notice that their seizures occur in response to very specific stimuli or situations, as if the seizure is a ‘reflex’. There is a type of epilepsy called ‘reflex epilepsy’ – in this type, seizures occur consistently in relation to a specific trigger.

  • For example, one type of reflex epilepsy is photosensitive epilepsy where seizures are triggered specifically by flashing lights.
  • Other types of reflex epilepsies may be seizures triggered by the act of reading or by noises.
  • These reflex epilepsies are not common, but knowing if you have this form of epilepsy will help you learn how to manage them!

How can I tell if something is a trigger?

Great question and a common one too! Sometimes people think just because a situation happened once or twice, it’s a trigger to all their seizures. It’s important to realize that a trigger is something that occurs fairly consistently before seizures and more often than by chance. To identify triggers, try a few of these strategies:

  • Whenever you have a seizure, note what time of day it occurs, special situations surrounding it, or how you felt. Note if any of the commonly reported triggers were present.
  • Write these in your seizure diary. Do this consistently, for each seizure.
  • If you notice that a situation or event is happening pretty consistently before seizures, now you need to know if it also happens at other times.
  • For example, you note that you were sleep deprived before 2 out of 3 seizures in the past 3 months. But when you look at your sleep patterns, you didn’t have seizures all the other times you were sleep deprived. And you don’t sleep well most of the time. In this situation, sleep deprivation isn’t good for you, but probably doesn’t trigger seizures all by itself. You still need to work on improving your sleep, but there may be other things going on too.
  • Track a suspected trigger in your diary. Note whenever it happens and not just when you have a seizure. Then you can see how often it happens with seizures as compared to other times.
  • If you have a form of reflex epilepsy, talk to your doctor about the trigger. Knowing the type of epilepsy and trigger can help you build in ways to avoid the triggers whenever possible or find ways to lessen their effect on you.

Visit —> Triggers of Seizures | Epilepsy Foundation.

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[ARTICLE] Impact of sleep duration on seizure frequency in adults with epilepsy: A sleep diary study

Highlights

•We studied the effect of partial sleep deprivation on seizure occurrence.

•Adults with epilepsy recorded 237 seizures and sleep and wake periods for 1 month.

•Sleep time was not different between preseizure and seizure-free periods.

•Napping, sleepiness, fatigue, and insomnia symptoms were commonly reported.

•Small degrees of sleep loss were not associated with seizures in our sample.

Abstract

Background

Prolonged sleep deprivation activates epileptiform EEG abnormalities and seizures in people with epilepsy. Few studies have addressed the effect of chronic partial sleep deprivation on seizure occurrence in populations with epilepsy. We tested the primary hypothesis that partial sleep deprivation over 24- and 72-hour periods increases seizure occurrence in adults with epilepsy.

Methods

Forty-four subjects completed a series of self-reported instruments, as well as 1-month sleep and seizure diaries, to characterize their sleep and quality of life. Diaries were used to determine the relationship between seizure occurrence and total sleep time 24 and 72 h before seizure occurrence using random effects models and a logistic regression model fit by generalized estimating equations.

Results

A total of 237 seizures were recorded during 1295 diary days, representing 5.5 ± 7.0 (mean ± SD) seizures per month. Random effects models for 24- and 72-hour total sleep times showed no clinically or statistically significant differences in the total sleep time between preseizure periods and seizure-free periods. The average 24-hour total sleep time during preseizure 24-hour periods was 8 min shorter than that during seizure-free periods (p = 0.51). The average 72-hour total sleep time during preseizure periods was 20 min longer than that during seizure-free periods (p = 0.86). The presence of triggers was a significant predictor of seizure occurrence, with stress/anxiety noted most often as a trigger. Mean total sleep time was 9 h, and subjects took an average of 12 ± 10 naps per month, having a mean duration of 1.9 ± 1.2 h. Daytime sleepiness, fatigue, and insomnia symptoms were commonly reported.

Conclusions

Small degrees of sleep loss were not associated with seizure occurrence in our sample of adults with epilepsy. Our results also include valuable observations of the altered sleep times and frequent napping habits of adults with refractory epilepsy and the potential contribution of these habits to quality of life and seizure control.

via Impact of sleep duration on seizure frequency in adults with epilepsy: A sleep diary study – Epilepsy & Behavior.

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