Posts Tagged Socially assistive robots

[WEB SITE] These Friendly Helpful Robots Will Likely Be Your Future Rehabilitation Partners

A new study has revealed that socially assistive robots (SARs), though already in use, will continue to see a rise as they become more suited to human relations.

By  August, 20th 2018

From K5s who patrols our local streets and parking areas to a host of bots which serve as personal assistants at home and on the go, programmable machines are increasingly entering our lives in new and dynamic ways. Still, the challenge of integrating robotics into heavily human-dependent labor such as retail and medical assistance remains a challenge.

Rehabilitation robots

A multidisciplinarian team of researchers at Freiburg University assessed the potential impact of robots in the area of physical rehabilitation in the future. The study, led by Dr. Philipp Kellmeyer, a neuroscientist in the University’s Medical Center, and Prof. Dr. Oliver Müller, a professor from the philosophy department found that socially assistive robots (SARs), though already in use, by all indications will be used increasingly more.

As the world’s population continues to grow, and with improved medical procedures improving post-op recovery rates and extending people’s average lifespan, SAR demand will inevitably increase.

Beyond continuing the research and development process to improve the technical capabilities of these helpful bots, much attention, the team concluded, should be given to developing strategies for how to create a relationship between SARs and patients. Few of us, especially those who have gone through the pain and frustration involved in physical rehabilitation, would disagree that the rapport with a health services professional becomes the main factor in maintaining the patient’s motivation.

These Friendly Helpful Robots Will Likely Be Your Future Rehabilitation Partners
Source: RAPP

Are we setting the bar too high for SARs?

Though SARs still serve as assistants in the rehabilitation process, not the main role, it is still crucial to clearly define just what that role will be, and what it will look like throughout the rehabilitation process. This is key as SARs assist patients in three different areas: people with cognitive disabilities, people who require rehabilitation, and ageing or elderly patients.

In a previous study titled “The Grand Challenges in Socially Assistive Robotics”, a team of researchers classified the most important components for effective SAR design in six categories:

The robot’s physical embodiment (including physical, responsive and cultural aspects)

Personality, which is, in essence, the main factor in achieving successful human-robot interactions

Empathy, which is a relative concept, is central. The researchers shared from their observations: “Machines cannot feel empathy. However, it is possible to create robots that display overt signs of empathy. In order to emulate empathy, a robotic system should be capable of recognizing the user’s emotional state, communicating with people, displaying emotion, and conveying the ability of taking perspective.”

The relative level of engagement with patients, which includes verbal and non-verbal communication

Adaptation, which involves learning from an environment and quickly implementing lessons into the patient interaction.

Transfer, which focuses on long-term behavioral changes of the SAR.

Though by no means trying to build the perfect robots or a human replacement, due to the delicate nature of this work, it’s important for those involved in SAR design to continue to have discussions about small to significant ways to improve the patient experience.

With a title that truly gets to the heart of the matter, the study  “Social robots in rehabilitation: A question of trust” is published in the Science Robotics journal this month.

via These Friendly Helpful Robots Will Likely Be Your Future Rehabilitation Partners

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[WEB SITE] Robots as Tools and Partners in Rehabilitation

Robots as Tools and Partners in Rehabilitation

Rudolf-Werner Dreier Presse- und Öffentlichkeitsarbeit
Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg im Breisgau

Why trust should play a crucial part in the development of intelligent machines for medical therapies

In future decades the need for effective strategies for medical rehabilitation will increase significantly, because patients’ rate of survival after diseases with severe functional deficits, such as a stroke, will increase. Socially assistive robots (SARs) are already being used in rehabilitation for this reason. In the journal Science Robotics, a research team led by neuroscientist Dr. Philipp Kellmeyer of the Freiburg University Medical Center and Prof. Dr. Oliver Müller from the Department of Philosophy of the University of Freiburg, analyzes the improvements necessary to make SARs valuable and trustworthy assistants for medical therapies.

The researchers conclude that the development of SARs not only requires technical improvements, but primarily social, trust-building measures. Rehabilitation patients in particular are dependent on a reliable relationship with their therapists. So there must be trust in the safety of the robotic system, especially regarding the predictability of the machines’ behavior. Given the ever-growing intelligence of the robots and with it their independence, this is highly important.

In addition, robots and patients can only interact well, the scientists explain, when they have shared goals that they pursue through the therapy. To achieve this, aspects of philosophical and developmental psychology must also be taken into account in the development of SARs: the ability of robots to recognize the aims and motives of a patient is a critical requirement if cooperation is to be successful. So there must also be trust for the participants to adapt to one another. The frustration felt by patients, for instance as a result of physical or linguistic limitations, would be avoided if the robots were adapted to the specific needs and vulnerabilities of the patient in question.

Philipp Kellmeyer and Oliver Müller are members of the Cluster of Excellence BrainLinks-BrainTools of the University of Freiburg. The study also involved Prof. Dr. Shelly Levy-Tzedek and Ronit Feingold-Polak from the Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Israel. In the 2018/19 academic year, the Freiburg researchers together with the legal academic Prof. Dr. Silja Vöneky and the IT specialist Prof. Dr. Wolfram Burgard, both from the University of Freiburg, are developing a Research Focus into normative aspects of interaction between people and autonomous intelligent systems at the Freiburg Institute for Advanced Studies (FRIAS).

Contact:
Dr. Philipp Kellmeyer
Translational Neurotechnological Lab (AG Ball)
Department of Neurosurgery at the Freiburg University Medical Center
and BrainLinks-BrainTools
University of Freiburg
Tel.: + 49 761 270-87570
philipp.kellmeyer@uniklinik-freiburg.de

Prof. Dr. Oliver Müller
Department of Philosophy and BrainLinks-BrainTools
University of Freiburg
Tel.: + 49 761 203-2432
oliver.mueller@philosophie.uni-freiburg.de

Caption:
A robot congratulates a patient for correctly sorting the colored beakers. Photo: Shelly Levy-Tzedek


Weitere Informationen:

https://www.pr.uni-freiburg.de/pm-en/press-releases-2018/robots-as-tools-and-par…


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[WEB SITE] Robots as tools and partners in rehabilitation

A robot congratulates a patient for correctly sorting the colored beakers.
Credit: Shelly Levy-Tzedek

In future decades the need for effective strategies for medical rehabilitation will increase significantly, because patients’ rate of survival after diseases with severe functional deficits, such as a stroke, will increase. Socially assistive robots (SARs) are already being used in rehabilitation for this reason. In the journal Science Robotics, a research team led by neuroscientist Dr. Philipp Kellmeyer of the Freiburg University Medical Center and Prof. Dr. Oliver Müller from the Department of Philosophy of the University of Freiburg, analyzes the improvements necessary to make SARs valuable and trustworthy assistants for medical therapies.

The researchers conclude that the development of SARs not only requires technical improvements, but primarily social, trust-building measures. Rehabilitation patients in particular are dependent on a reliable relationship with their therapists. So there must be trust in the safety of the robotic system, especially regarding the predictability of the machines’ behavior. Given the ever-growing intelligence of the robots and with it their independence, this is highly important.

In addition, robots and patients can only interact well, the scientists explain, when they have shared goals that they pursue through the therapy. To achieve this, aspects of philosophical and developmental psychology must also be taken into account in the development of SARs: the ability of robots to recognize the aims and motives of a patient is a critical requirement if cooperation is to be successful. So there must also be trust for the participants to adapt to one another. The frustration felt by patients, for instance as a result of physical or linguistic limitations, would be avoided if the robots were adapted to the specific needs and vulnerabilities of the patient in question.

Philipp Kellmeyer and Oliver Müller are members of the Cluster of Excellence BrainLinks-BrainTools of the University of Freiburg. The study also involved Prof. Dr. Shelly Levy-Tzedek and Ronit Feingold-Polak from the Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Israel. In the 2018/19 academic year, the Freiburg researchers together with the legal academic Prof. Dr. Silja Vöneky and the IT specialist Prof. Dr. Wolfram Burgard, both from the University of Freiburg, are developing a Research Focus into normative aspects of interaction between people and autonomous intelligent systems at the Freiburg Institute for Advanced Studies (FRIAS).

Story Source:

Materials provided by University of FreiburgNote: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Philipp Kellmeyer, Oliver Mueller, Ronit Feingold-Polak, Shelly Levy-Tzedek. Social robots in rehabilitation: A question of trustScience Robotics, 2018; 3 (21): eaat1587 DOI: 10.1126/scirobotics.aat1587

via Robots as tools and partners in rehabilitation — ScienceDaily

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